interface and interface collections in java

Interfaces:

 Interface in Java refers to the abstract data types. They allow Java collections to be manipulated independently from the details of their representation. Also, they form a hierarchy in object-oriented programming languages.

                                             

As you have already learnt about Abstract methods and abstract classes and how they are implemented. The main difference between an abstract class and an interface is that in an abstract class there exists at least one abstract method. On the other hand, an interface consists of all the methods as abstract. Here, by abstract we mean that the methods are unimplemented.

We all know that multiple inheritance is not supported in java. This is because of the conflicts that might arise when both the parent classes are having the same variable declarations. This makes it hard for the child class to infer which class the particular variable or the method belongs.

Even though it is said that Java directly doesn’t support multiple inheritance, it might support the functionality in an indirect manner. This is accomplished using the concept of interfaces. 

Example for abstract class:                                     

Abstract class A{

             public void run()

               {

                   System.out.println("run method");

                }

Public void stop();

Public void start();

            }

 

 Example for Interface:

interface A{

                     public void run();    

/*by default interface implements public methods and remember this  a method so we are using semicoln after method.*/                  

public void show();  

                   }

Every interface must be implemented by a sub-class. This is done using the “implements” keyword in java.

class B implements A

                  {

                    public void show()

                  { 

                    System.out.println("show method");

                   }

                    public void run()

                  {

                   System.out.println("show method");

                   }

                   }

If you would like to call the above methods, just create an object for the child class (Class B) and then call the methods using the object name.

B classBObject=new B();

classBObject.show();  

 

Since we now know what an interface is, let us understand the concept of interfaces using Java Collections.

Java Collections: Interface

Iterator interface: Iterator is an interface that iterates over the elements. It is used to traverse a list and modify its elements. Iterator interface has three methods which are mentioned below: 

public boolean hasNext() – This method returns true if iterator has more elements.

public object next() – It returns the element and moves the cursor pointer to the next element.

public void remove() – This method removes the last elements returned by the iterator. 

These methods are used in the subclass which implements the Iterator interface.

There are three components in Java that extend the collection interface. They are:

·       List

·       Queue

·       Set

 

In the next post, let us explore about the three interfaces in detail.

If you have any queries please mention them in the comments below!

Thanks for reading!





Comments

  1. really very use resource thanks man keep posting....

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